Bernina Railway is a single track 60 km long line that links the spa resort of St. Moritz in Switzerland and Tirano in Italy via the Bernina Pass. Reaching a height of 2,253 metres (7,392 ft) above sea level, it is the highest railway crossing in Europe. It also ranks as the highest adhesion railway of Europe and one of the steepest adhesion railways in the world (inclines of up to 7%).
On 7 July 2008 the Bernina Railway was recorded in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites, under the name Rhaetian Railway in the Albula / Bernina Landscapes. The whole site is regarded as a cross-border joint Swiss-Italian heritage area.
The most famous trains operating on the Bernina Railway are known as the Bernina Express.